E-mail im Vorfeld wurde sehr schnell beantwortet. Booking number. Translation: "In honor of the divine imperial house the inhabitants of Altitaia erected this altar under the direction of Octonius Tertius and Castonius Cassius, ten days before the Kalends of December Room I of the west barracks also had a simply constructed hypocaust heating system. Show reviews from: All reviewers Families 39 Couples 90 Groups of friends 14 Solo travelers Business travelers The Principia was rebuilt in the s, or possibly only in the 6th century, to a simple aisleless church, the direct predecessor of the St. The Vandals also destroyed the fort, which had probably been abandoned six years earlier.
The fort was presumably built in the course of the last reconstruction measures on the Rhine frontier between and AD under the western Emperor Valentinian I. The fort was also destroyed twice, and probably abandoned at the end of the fifth century. The Roman name appears for the first time on the dedication inscription  of a Nymphaeum reused in the fort wall. The inscription, identifying the population as vicani Altiaienses , and the town as vicus Altiaiensium or vicus Altiaiensis is datable to the year The meaning of the name can no longer be determined today. The late antique Alteium or Altinum is mentioned only in Codex Theodosianus and is almost certainly derived from the name of the civil settlement. In the Codex the place is once referred to as Alteio and the other time again as Altino. It is surrounded by the northern part of the Alzey hill country, which is adjoined to the north by the Rheinhessisches Hügelland and to the west by the Nordpfälzer Bergland. Through Alzey flows, partly underground, a section of the Selz , a left tributary of the Rhine. The narrow Selz valley begins to widen from Alzey to the north. The Roman civilian settlement was part of the province of Germania Superior and was governed from the provincial capital of Mogontiacum Mainz. After the administrative reforms of Diocletian Castra Alteium was located within in the territory of the new province of Germania Prima and was located in the southwestern area of the former vicus , on a southern spur of the Mehlberg mountain on a steep slope to Selz.
The fort was presumably built in the course of the last reconstruction measures on the Rhine frontier between and AD under the western Emperor Valentinian I. The fort was also destroyed twice, and probably abandoned at the end of the fifth century. The Roman name appears for the first time on the dedication inscription  of a Nymphaeum reused https://handskills.xyz/cat4/partnervermittlung-senioren-stuttgart.php the fort wall.
The inscription, identifying the population as vicani Altiaiensesand the town as vicus Altiaiensium or vicus Altiaiensis is datable to the year The meaning of the name can no longer be determined today. The late antique Alteium or Altinum is mentioned only in Codex Theodosianus and is almost certainly derived from the name of the civil settlement.
In the Codex the place is once referred to as Alteio and the other time again as Altino. It is surrounded by the northern part of the Alzey hill country, which is adjoined to the north by the Rheinhessisches Hügelland and to the west by the Nordpfälzer Bergland. Through Alzey flows, partly underground, a section of the Selza left tributary of the Rhine.
The narrow Selz valley begins to widen from Alzey to the north. The Roman civilian settlement was part of the province of Germania Superior and was governed from the provincial capital of Single andernach Mainz. After the administrative reforms of Diocletian Castra Alteium check this out located within in the territory of the new province of Germania Prima and was located in the southwestern area of the former vicuson a southern spur of the Mehlberg mountain on a steep slope to Selz.
From here the garrison had a good article source of the ball verden area, especially to the north. The fort probably protected and monitored a crossing over the Selz and the junction of the road links Mainz-Alzey-Metz and Bingen-Kreuznach-Alzey-Worms. However, the camp was possibly used primarily for the temporary accommodation of units of the mobile field army Comitatensesbecause there was otherwise little accommodation in the hinterland of Mogontiacum for larger troop contingents.
In an emergency, the central plaza could also accommodate tents to quarter additional troops. Datable finds of the vicus date back to the middle of the 4th century AD.
The first known reports on Roman finds were written in by the pastor of Dautenheim, Johann Philipp Walther, who excavated old foundations on a church-owned field presumably the remains of the eastern wall of the fort and discovered three Roman inscriptions. In the Mainzer Altertumsmuseum acquired late-antique or early medieval finds from Alzey— a pair of gilded-silver crossbow brooches, a silver needle, earrings, two small disc brooches with almandine inlay, and pendants, each richly decorated with golden filigree wire.
Such crossbow brooches were worn only in pairs at the shoulders. Together with two small brooches, such as small disc brooches, they formed the "vierfibeltracht" which was typical of the women's fashion in the 6th century. In the s the single andernach Gustav Schwabe presented a collection of Roman finds, which were later lost. Another altar found in Alzey was dedicated to Fortuna. Another example was dedicated to Minerva by the fuller Vitalianus Secundinus.
In the foundations of the late antique church building in the fort they encountered fragments spolia of a gatewaywhich was probably originally erected in a place of worship of the god of the springs Apollo- Grannusprobably the sulfur spring at today's tax office. In the single andernach commissar of the Reichs-Limeskommission RLKKarl Schuhmacherand the local historian Jakob Curschmannidentified a part of the wall and the foundations of a round tower at the southwest corner.
Nursery owner Jean Braun, then the owner of the fort and later co-founder of the Alzey Museum, continued to investigate and discovered further remains of the wall on the west side. Byduring construction, further remains of the fort wall and, at the cemetery of the former St. George's Church, ancient sandstone slabs and sarcophagus components came to light.
Inthe preservationist Soltan dug large parts of the eastern wall. The east gate was only very poorly preserved; it could only be stated that the gate towers extended behind and in front of the wall. Infurther foundations of the fort were discovered and partially restored. Inthe prehistorian Eduard Anthes took over the supervision of the excavations, supported by the district and city of Alzey, the Historical Association of the Grand Duchy of Hesse, and the Römisch-Germanischen Kommission excavations.
In the same year Braun also discovered the west gate, whose passage was mostly filled with rubble. The southeastern corner tower was of high structural quality and its existing masonry still exhibited several courses. On the south wall, Braun discovered two well-preserved rooms of a barracks attached to the castle wall. The two rooms were dug to a depth of At the bottom of the eastern chamber many animal bones were found; presumably this part of the building served as a slaughterhouse.
In the western iron fragments and tools as well as two stones which may have served as anvils were uncovered. In front of the building was a well shaft covered with sandstone slabs. At most of the sites examined it was only 20—30 centimetres 7. Inthe prehistorian Wilhelm Unverzagt succeeded in finding the so-called "Alzey burn layer" which marked the end of the second settlement phase of the fort.
Above this layer mainly ceramics of the late 4th century AD were recovered. The complex of migration period ceramics from click excavations is still used in research single andernach as a tool to date other sites of this era. Several excavation campaigns in the fort area were also conducted by the Institut für Vor- und Frühgeschichte of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz.
The objects found in the excavation area, mainly Roman glassware and ceramics, give some information about the origin of the fort's inhabitants. Noteworthy in this context is a comb with a bell-shaped handle, which was widespread among the East Germanic peoples.
Other comb types from Alzey come from Elbe Germanic regions. Half-round, serrated belt buckle plates of the aysia garza dating type have been mainly observed on the Danube and in the Elbe and eastern Germanic areas, but provincial Roman types are also represented. Also found was an early Christian bread stamp from the 4th century used to stamp the eucharistic bread.
The discovery of Spiral fibulae of the "Mildenberg" type, which https://handskills.xyz/cat5/single-frauen-neckarsulm.php not originate before AD, marks the Alamannic settlement phase of the fort. The mild climate, the rolling hills and fertile loess soil made the region attractive for settlers from an early period.
The first signs of settlement in the Alzey area can already be found from the Neolithic period Linear Pottery culture. Later, peoples of the Michelsberg culture settled here. Towards the end of the 2nd millennium BC. Illyrians Urnfield culture immigrated to the area around Alzey. When the Romans occupied the region around the year 50 BC.
There was probably a Celtic settlement on the Selz ford at the intersection of two busy trackways. Possibly the inhabitants also exploited the nearby sulfur springs. The Celtic settlements were followed by the Roman Vicus Altiaiawhich was founded around the middle single andernach the first century BC.
Partnervermittlung polen karlsruhe addition to the limes road, which ran along the Rhine, there was another road connection which led from Worms to Bonn via Alzey. Click here Trajan the region around Alzey single andernach its economic and cultural heyday. Numerous estates, such read more the Roman villa of Wachenheim single andernach, supplied the border garrisons with food.
Inin the course of the last Roman reinforcements on the Rhine Limes, the late antique Castrum Alteium was built on the ruins of the civilian settlement. The fort's name is mentioned in connection with two single andernach of Emperor Valentinian Iin andwho probably issued some single andernach or rescripts here. Despite the intricately constructed defenses, the fortress was, according to coin finds, only occupied by Roman troops for a few years. It may have been single andernach vacated as early as in the wake of the usurpation of British governor Magnus Maximuswhen the western emperor, Gratian, assembled troops near Lutetia Paris to oppose him.
Most likely, the garrison of Altaia were also part of Maximus' army, with which, inhe fought the eastern Emperor Theodosius I at the Battle of the Save at Siscia and Single andernach. After the Comitatenses and Limitanei of Stilicho were withdrawn from most of the Rhine forts when Emperor Honorius moved his residence from Trier to Arlesand the heartland of Italy was increasingly threatened by barbarian single andernach.
The Vandals also destroyed the fort, which had probably been abandoned six years earlier. In return, they undertook responsibility for the frontier defense in this area and, together with other allied tribes and the remnant of the regular Limitanei, securing of the Rhine border.
Members of East Germanic tribes are archaeologically detectable in the fort from onwards, presumably Burgundian warriors and their families. Possibly the castle was also used occasionally until by the Comitatenses. The survivors then relocated to the region of Sapaudia now Savoy or the Rhone Valleybut there they gained strength in the late 5th century and rebuilt a new empire in western Switzerland. At this time also the end of the second phase of Alteium and thus the abandonment of the fort as a Roman military base occurred.
It is possible that some of the Burgundians, supported by tribes on the right bank of the Rhine, defended themselves against single andernach deportations, which caused https://handskills.xyz/cat4/frauen-naher-kennenlernen.php fortifications of the fort to be destroyed.
These events were also reflected in the click epic of the Nibelungenlied and formed the template for the legendary figure of the bard Volker von Alzey. According to the archaeologist Jürgen Oldenstein he could have been the Burgundian commander of the fort. Aroundonce again Alemannic foederati moved into their quarters into the fort. After the Battle of Tolbiac inthe Alamanni came under Frankish rule and the fort was again burned.
In the cultural strata of the 6th century, only isolated sporadic traces of settlement were found. After the death of its founder Clovis Ithe Frankish Empire was divided into two parts, and Alzey was assigned to the eastern part of the empire, Austrasiawith its capital at Mediomatricum Metz.
Fromafter the conclusion of the Treaty of Verdun, Alzey was assigned to the eastern realm. In Alzey was first mentioned as a German fiefdom. The ruin of the fort probably marked the view of the city until aroundsince the engravers of the early 17th century depicted them on vignettes at that time. After that, the fort almost completely cleared for the extraction of building materials by the urban population.
Since the terrain dropped off sharply to the north, it was carefully measured in the late 4th century AD and planned in detail. Finds of coins and stamped tiles point to the years between and AD. The camp showed the typical features of late Roman fortifications prevailing since the 3rd century. Its corners were rounded and reinforced with cantilevered towers.
Inside, there was no intervalluminstead, all barracks and workshops - with the exception of the headquarters building - were set directly to the defensive wall to save space.
The wall itself had deep foundations to hinder undermining during sieges. Corner, intermediate, and gate towers extended into the glacis. The water supply was ensured by three wells, on the north-western, southern, and south-westerm corners. The courtyard single andernach kept dry by an elaborate drainage system, which drained in the moat.
Structurally almost read article camps were located at Bad Kreuznach and Horbourg. Phase 1 was bordered by a putealof which remains were found. In addition, a gravel filling single andernach spread around this area to help keep it dry. As a rule, the three-meter-wide foundation of the wall extended up to 1.