Lindner was a prestigious gun and barrel maker of the late 19 th and early 20 th century whose Prussian Daly guns are the most desired by collectors. Ort: Bischofswerda. If they approved of what they saw and heard, the apprentice became a Geselle journeyman. Often the date code is above a line, with another number below the line. Most of the bigger gun factories had special departments for training the apprentices, but it was still up to the Guild Masters to do the final testing and giving the final approval. Das perfekte Online-Profil. But on guns made during the 19th Century, things began to change.
It is not as easy to identify a German made gun as identifying a gun made in the USA, and the following articles explain why. Even the most knowledgeable collectors and gun owners are often scratching their heads and sometimes give up and can only give you an educated guess. The following hints might be of help to you. The famous first impressions should at best encourage you to not jump to conclusions too early. The term Germanic Guns is used, but in our opinion this is not a well chosen description because what looks like a German gun to you might have been made in other countries, including the United States. We prefer to call a baby by its real name, a gun that is made in Ferlach an Austrian gun, one made in Switzerland a Swiss gun and guns made by a German gunsmith in this country an American made gun. The inscriptions on the top rib or the barrels might confirm that the gun was made in Germany when the name of a town in Germany follows the first name. When in doubt, enter the town into a web-site search engine and you will usually find some information about the location of the town. The first and last names could be that of a maker, a dealer, a gun factory, a wholesaler, an importer or an exporter. Proof Marks are usually found on the underside of the barrels, and if a gun has German proof marks and was made in or later, you know that the gun was proof tested in Germany. This is no assurance however, that all components of the guns where made in Germany, The gun making center in Liege in Belgium was known for the good quality of their shotgun barrels that were used by gun makers in other countries. You might want to print out the list of German proof marks that follows for reference when you encounter a German gun. Additional questions are covered in the articles that follow.
It that wie flirten britische manner apologise not as easy to identify a German made gun as identifying a gun made in the USA, and the following articles explain why. Even the most knowledgeable collectors and gun owners are often scratching their heads and sometimes give up singls can only give you an educated guess.
The following hints might be of help to you. The famous first bischpfswerda should at best encourage you bischfoswerda not jump to conclusions too early. The term Germanic Guns is used, but in our opinion this is not a well chosen description because single bischofswerda looks like a German gun to you might have been made in other countries, including the United States. We prefer to call a baby by its real name, a gun that is made in Ferlach an Austrian gun, one made in Switzerland a Swiss gun and guns made by a German gunsmith in this country an American made gun.
The inscriptions on the top rib or the barrels might confirm that the gun was made in Germany when the name of a town in Germany follows the first name.
When in doubt, enter the town into a web-site search biscuofswerda and you will usually find some information about the location of the town. The first and last names could be that of a maker, a sinngle, a gun factory, a wholesaler, an importer or an exporter. Proof Marks are usually found on the underside of the barrels, and if a gun has German proof marks and was made in or later, you know that the gun was proof tested in Germany. This is no assurance however, bischofswsrda all components of the guns where made in Germany, The gun biscofswerda center in Liege in Belgium was known for the good quality of their shotgun barrels that were used by gun makers in other countries.
You might want to print out the list of German proof marks that follows for reference when you encounter a German gun. Additional questions are covered in the articles that follow. The list of German gun makers and dealers in section 5 will get much longer as we find the source to add them to the list. Who made all those German Guns? We have seen many guns over the years with names not known to bischofswerxa, especially those that were made late in the 19th Century or early in the 20th singlle.
Information is very hard to find, and those of you who have tried to research their single bischofswerda history will know of the difficulties. It was the tradition of single bischofswerda period, that single bischofswerda shops all over the country would order guns from a maker, mostly in Suhl and Zella-Mehlis single bischofswerda vicinity, and ask him to engrave their name and the name of their town on the gun.
It can usually single bischofswerda found bischofswreda the top rib or bischofwwerda the barrels on both sides of the rib in front of the action. The same thing was done when guns were ordered by wholesale distributors, exporters or by importers in the United States. This custom is still with us. But even this can be difficult. What can we tell by other markings or features? Single bischofswerda found you can try to find the same one in Section 5the lists of gun makers single bischofswerda dealers.
Then you can study the proof marks that follow which can confirm that the gun was made in Germany, that it was proofed in a certain proof house and the period these proof marks were in use.
The experienced collector can tell by the style of the action or other features, where and by whom the gun was most likely bischofserda.
Sometimes we can identify makers by the engraving because it is unique like a signature. This identification biscyofswerda be left to the serious collector or engraver with historic interest. We are lucky in that we have found an engraver in Suhl who is also a collector of information about sinble.
So, be patient in trying to find answers to your questions. We are bischofsserda this archive and get new information all the time.
But it is a slow process that will take years and some information will never be continue reading. World War II, the occupation of the eastern part of Germany by the Russians and a Communist Government contributed to the loss of most records in that part of the country. Gun Maker Gunsmith Gun Dealer? The first gunsmith in Germany and opinion berlin kennenlernen leute consider countries was the village or town blacksmith, and to set himself apart from those who mostly shoed horses, he called himself a gunsmith.
As ways were found to mine iron ore, refine it and work with it bischofswwerda turn regular iron into steel, and as buschofswerda and more iron mining took place, the biscofswerda where the iron ore, waterpower and wood for smelting the iron were available zuruck nicht bekanntschaft schreibt abundance, gunsmiths were attracted to these locations.
The first available document about Suhl, the former gunmaking center of Germany, informs the reader that the town had iron mines ibschofswerda iron hammers that ran on water power. This mode bischocswerda operation lasted for quite singls few centuries, but as the so called Industrial Revolution began and took hold in the middle of the 19th.
When it comes to guns that can unquestionably be classified as antiques, there is usually no doubt that the name on the gun is that of the maker. But on guns made during the 19th Century, things began to change. In GGCA Journal 31 is a beautiful pin fire side-by-side shotgun with two names, one on the barrels and another on the backaction side locks.
When we get inquiries about muzzle loading guns or early breech loading guns, our first source of information is usually Der Neue Stöckel by Heerthree books that are written in German and are now out of print. They singlr perhaps be found at book dealers who deal in used gun related books. When we find the first and last name on a gun in this book, we take it for granted, that he was indeed the maker of the gun.
Since the book ends with the yearhowever, the same man could have made guns after or found it more and more advisable to do less in his own shop and sell guns by makers in the gunmaking centers. When placing his order he could request that his name will be engraved on the gun or even be inlayed in precious metals. This is the problem we face when you ask us about the maker of your gun. If it is known that a gunmaker by bischofswwrda name was located in a bischocswerda gun making center, it is likely that single bischofswerda was really a gun maker but there are always exceptions to this rule.
As an example we can mention the gunmaker Reeb in the German city Bonn. Unraveling the history of a German sporting gun or rifle is often a difficult proposition. With the exception of a few larger makers like J. Sauer, Merkel and Krieghoff, most records were lost during the wars click only visit web page guns themselves offer testimony to the history, workmanship and artistry of German gunsmiths.
Fortunately, one source remains to us, and that is the marks on the guns themselves. Beginning with the first German proof law that came into effect in the early s, all bisfhofswerda firearms produced in Germany were required to pass rigorous strength and safety tests at a government regulated proof house.
Over the years, German proof laws, like those of other European countries, were revised to cover changes in gunpowder, materials and design. Changes in proof law and the prescribed marks can be very helpful in establishing the date of singls, chambering and originality. Any German gun or rifle carrying a crown-over-V dates to or earlier. Marks showing crowns over the letters B, U, proof approved ; G rifled barrelS smoothbore and W choked barrel span the period singls the first German proof law of untilbut there are usually other marks present that can snigle narrow the date range.
See the accompanying tables. These marks show 2,67 check this out of Gewehr Blättchen Pulver rifle flake powder and Stahl-mantel Geschoss steel jacketed bullet. Note, however, that some will be marked with the high-pressure proof load, while others will be marked with the standard single bischofswerda load. These marks follow the British system of gauge subdivision and can be useful in determining whether biachofswerda bores have been honed since they were proof tested.
As an interesting sidelight, I have seen more than one German double rifle advertised bearing crown-over-W marks on the underside of the barrels. A closer inspection revealed salzburg dating seite their rifled barrels had been sleeved into the shotgun barrels or block zingle they were in no way original, or perhaps not even safe. Caveat emptor! The two most common sets of numbers applied were bore dimensions and actual proof dates.
Rifles from later in this era are sometimes stamped with a bore not groove diameter in millimeters, bischofswerva most common being 8,8mm bischofswerdx one of the 9. Some rifles will also have chamber length marked along with bore diameter. For instance, a bischofsweda in the range would indicate a bore diameter near. There were several commonly used rifle gauge bischofawerda such as Unfortunately, with German rifle barrels of this vintage, it is nearly always necessary to make a chamber cast to determine the actual singel and bore dimensions.
Be safe by being certain! The other set of numeric marks often found on both rifles and shotguns is the actual date of proof. The style of these numbers can easily be confused with the gauge markings bischofswerdx above, so be aware that both possibilities exist. Typical date codes will be three or four digits signifying month and year, as in for Maysingle bischofswerda for November of Sometimes there will be a dot or slash between the month and read article, but most often they are just run together.
Often the date code is above a line, with another number below the line. All of the preceding notwithstanding, keep in mind that there is a great deal of variation in proof marks of German guns and entire books have been written on the subject of proofs.
With so little information yet discovered about so many German makers, a working knowledge of proof marks can be your guide to the hidden histories of German sporting arms. This is a typical 16 gauge of the period between and Marks visible are crown-over-U final proof and eagle-crown-over-S smoothbore and —W choked.
Here we have a 12 gauge that lacks smokeless proof marks and therefore probably wiktionary bekanntschaft to between and Bicshofswerda was a prestigious gun and barrel maker of the late 19 th and early 20 th century whose Prussian Daly guns are the most desired by collectors.
Proof Mark Overview. Austrian Proof Marks. Belgian Proof Marks. French Proof Marks. Many times collectors, upon scrutinizing their European guns, find small marks, most of the time some letters in any sort of script, sometimes surrounded by circles, rectangles and so on. Obviously they single bischofswerda not part of the proof marks or known registered trade marks. Instead, singlw are https://handskills.xyz/cat2/bad-ischl-singles.php stamps by individual craftsmen like barrel makers, actioners and other specialists working in the gun trade.
Most serious collectors desperately try to find out bkschofswerda person stands behind those tiny letters, but in most cases this proves to be very difficult. Lindner probably never made a complete gun himself, but he employed a few good men and farmed out the work to make guns to his bischofswerrda Chas. Of course he wanted those craftsmen to mark their work in some way so that he could track singld not meeting the hischofswerda standards, but after he had accepted a gun for export, single bischofswerda purpose of those markings ended!
Lindner most likely was not interested in letting anyone else, especially not Charles Daly, know who actually made those fine guns he provided! This practice does not apply to Lindner alone, but this was the way the European gun trade in Suhl, Birmingham, Liege, Ferlach and so on worked. If that dealer did not bother to have his name engraved, the gun remained nameless, even if actually made by famous makers.
Or, as I found out 30 years ago, all the scope mounts used on Austrian guns made in Ferlach, were made, single bischofswerda and mounted by a single specialized shop in town. For these special markings were not necessary. As you see by now, those tiny marks single bischofswerda only as the communication between participants of the gun trade.